LEARN A WORD A DAY

Thursday, October 14, 2010

English idioms relating to ACTIONS - ATTITUDE - BEHAVIOUR


Idiom
Meaning
   Add fuel to the flames
  If you add fuel to the flames, you say something that makes a difficult situation worse.
 
"He forgot their wedding anniversary, and his apologies only added fuel to the flames."
   All ears
  To say that you are all ears means that you are listening very attentively.
  "Of course I want to know - I'm all ears!"
   Backseat driver
  A backseat driver is a passenger in a car who gives unwanted advice to the driver.
  "I can't stand backseat drivers like my mother-in-law!"
   Badger someone into doing
   something
  If you badger someone into doing something, you
  persistently nag or pester them until you obtain what you want.
  "Sophie badgered her parents into buying her a new computer."
   Balancing act
  When you try to satisfy two or more people or groups who have different needs, and keep everyone happy, you perform a balancing act.
 
"Many people have to perform a balancing act between work and family."
   Bare your heart (or soul) to someone
  If you bare your heart or soul to someone, you reveal your innermost thoughts and feelings to them.
  "John couldn't keep things to himself any longer.  He decided to bare his soul to his best friend."
   Bark up the wrong tree.
  A person who barks up the wrong tree is doing the wrong thing, because their beliefs or ideas are incorrect or mistaken.
   One's best bet
  The action most likely to succeed is called one's best bet.
 
"Your best bet would be to try calling him at home."
   Blot one's copy book
  Someone who blots their copy-book does something to spoil their good record or reputation.
  "He blotted his copy-book when he was arrested for speeding."
   Bide your time
  If you bide your time, you wait for a good opportunity to do something.
  "He's not hesitating, he's just biding his time.  He's waiting for the price to drop."
   Binge drinking
  This term refers to heavy drinking where large quantities of alcohol are drunk in a short space of time, often among young people in rowdy groups
  "Binge drinking is becoming a major problem in some European countries."
   Bite the hand that feeds you
  If you bite the hand that feeds you, you are unfriendly or do harm to someone who is kind to you.
   On the bottle
  A person who drinks alcoholic drinks often and regularly is on the bottle.
 
"Joe went on the bottle when he lost his job."
   Break every rule in the book.
  If you behave in a completely unacceptable way, you break every rule in the book.
 
"Our competitors obtained the contract by breaking every rule in the book."
   Breathe down someone's neck
  If somebody is breathing down your neck, they are watching you too closely and making you feel uncomfortable.
  "The atmosphere at work isn't great; the boss keeps breathing down our necks all the time."
   Build bridges.
  If a person builds bridges between opposing groups, they help them to cooperate and understand each other better.
   Burn your bridges
  If you burn your bridges, you do something that will be impossible to rectify in the future.
  "If you refuse the offer, be careful not to burn your bridges by insulting them. They make make a better proposal later."
   Burn the candle at both ends
  If you burn the candle at both ends, you exhaust yourself by doing too much, especially going to bed late and getting up early.
  "Scott looks exhausted - I'll bet he's been burning the candle at both ends lately."
   Bury one's head in the sand
  If you bury your head in the sand, you refuse to face the unpleasant reality by pretending that the situation doesn't exist.
  "It's no good burying your head in the sand.  We've got a problem on our hands."
   Bury the hatchet
  The expression " bury the hatchet" is used when people who have had a disagreement decide to forget their quarrel and become friends again.
  "I didn't agree with my colleague's decision, but for the sake of peace, I decided to bury the hatchet."
   Butter someone up
  When butter someone up, you flatter them or you are very nice to them, especially if you want to obtain something.
  "He was so keen to get the job that he spent his time buttering up the boss."
   Cap in hand
  If you do something cap in hand, you ask for something in a very respectful manner.
 "They went to the teacher, cap in hand, and asked for more time to complete their project."
   Carrot-and-stick
  If you use a carrot-and-stick approach, you use the promise of reward and the threat of punishment to make somebody work harder.
  "Some parents use a carrot-and-stick approach to obtain good results from their children."
   Chime in
  If you chime in, you interrupt or join a conversation, especially to repeat or agree with something.
  
"As I explained to the bus driver what had happened , the other passengers chimed in and gave their version. "
   Clip someone's wings
  If you clip someone's wings, you do something to restrict their freedom.
 
"Taking away his credit card is a sure way to clip his wings!"
   Come apart at the seams
  To say that someone is coming apart at the seams means that they are extremely upset or under severe mental stress.
  "Bob has had so many problems lately, he's coming apart at the seams."
   Come out of the woodwork
  When things, or people, come out of the woodwork, they appear or emerge unexpectedly, as if from nowhere, and usually in large numbers.
  "As soon as we added the swimming pool, our children had "friends" coming out of the woodwork."
   Couch potato
  If you refer to someone as a couch potato, you criticize them for spending a lot of time sitting and watching television.
  "Don't be such a couch potato.  There are better ways of spending your time than in front of the TV."
   Cramp someone's style
  If you cramp someone's style, you  limit them by preventing them from behaving or expressing themselves freely.
  "The dress code imposed at school cramped her style."
   Cut the cackle
  If you tell a group of people to cut the cackle, you ask them to stop talking aimlessly and start dealing with more important or serious matters.
  "OK. It's time to cut the cackle and get down to business."
   Dance attendance (on somebody)
  If you dance attendance on someone, you are constantly available for that person and attend to their wishes.
  "She's rich and famous and expects everyone to dance attendance on her."
   Dig one's own grave
  A person who digs their own grave does something which causes their own downfall.
  "If you drop out of college now, with such high unemployment, you'll be digging your own grave!"
   Disappear into thin air
  If someone or something disappears into thin air, they vanish in a mysterious way.
  "After being accused of embezzlement, the director disappeared into thin air."
   Do a disappearing act
  If someone does a disappearing act, they simply vanish, especially if they have done something wrong or dishonest.
 
"Just before the police arrived, the suspect did a disappearing act."
   Do more harm than good
  If the effect of an action is more damaging than helpful, it does more harm than good."
 
"Giving him money did more harm than good - he spent it on alcohol."
   Do someone a good turn
  If you do someone a good turn, you act in a helpful way.
  
"Mike is a great guy - always ready to do a good turn."
   The done thing
  The correct way to behave in a particular social situation is called the done thing.
 
"Wearing jeans to play golf is not the done thing."
   Drag your feet
  If you drag your feet, you delay a decision or participate without any real enthusiasm.
  "The government is dragging its feet on measures to reduce pollution."
   Drop names
   (name-dropping)
  When you drop names, you mention the names of famous people you know or have met in order to impress others.
  "There goes Jack dropping names again. People will soon get tired of listening to him!"
   Eat you out of house and home
 This is a humorous way of saying that someone is eating large quantities of your food.
 
"I stock up with food when my teenage sons invite their friends.They'd eat you out of house and home!"
   Eat out of somebody's hand
  If you eat out of someone's hand, you are eager to please and accept to do anything that person asks.
  "She is so persuasive that she has people eating out of her hand in no time."
   Err on the side of caution
  When uncertain about what to do, if you err on the side of caution, you do more than what is adequate rather than take any  risks.
  "When I'm not sure how much food to prepare, I tend to err on the side of caution and prepare far too much."
   Excuse/pardon my French
  This expression is used as an apology for using crude or offensive language.
  "He's a bloody nuisance, if you'll excuse my French."
   Fall over backwards
  If you fall over backwards to accomplish something, you do everything you possibly can to please and impress.
  "Sally's mother fell over backwards to make her wedding reception a memorable event."
   False move
  In a dangerous or risky situation, if you make a false move, you do something which may have unpleasant consequences.
  "He is under close surveillance. If he makes one false move he'll be arrested."
   Feed the kitty
  If you feed the kitty, you contribute to a collection of money called a "kitty" in order to help a good cause.
 
Come on - every little helps. You can afford to feed the kitty for a good cause!
   Fiddling while Rome burns
  If you say that somebody is fiddling while Rome burns, you mean that they are doing unimportant things while there are serious problems to be dealt with.
  "His visit to the trade fair was 'fiddling while Rome burns' according to the strikers."
   Fight a losing battle 
  If someone is fighting a losing battle, they are trying to do something even when there is little chance of succeeding.
 "The headmaster is fighting a losing battle trying to ban mobile phones at school."
   Fight shy of something
  If you fight shy of something, such as a task, a problem or a duty, you want to avoid doing it or you are unwilling to confront it.
  "He had money problems for years but fought shy of asking his children for help."
   Fishing for compliments
  When someone is obviously waiting for you to say something nice, they are fishing for compliments.
  "I  know why she invited us to visit her hew house - she's just fishing for compliments."
   Fling oneself into something
  If you fling yourself into an activity, you do it with a lot of energy and enthusiasm.
  "Ever since she flung herself into the anti-pollution campaign, she rarely has a free moment!"
   Follow one's nose
  If you follow your nose, you go straight ahead
  (Also: follow your instinct in life).
 "The station is at the end of the road - just follow your nose."
   Follow in someone's footsteps
  If you follow in someone's footsteps ( for example a parent), you lead a similar life or do the same job.
  "Lily followed in her mother's footsteps and became a teacher."
   Freudian slip
  This refers to a mistake made by a speaker which is considered to reveal their true thoughts or feelings.
  
"So you got the job - I'm so sad - sorry, I mean glad!"
   Gatecrash
  If someone gatecrashes, they attend a private social event without being invited.
  "We need volunteers to to keep an eye out for gatecrashers tonight."
   Get on your high horse
  If you get on your high horse, you start behaving in a haughty manner, as though you should be treated with more respect.
 
"He got on his high horse when he was asked to show his membership card."
   Get a raw deal.
  If you say that someone has got a raw deal, you think they have been treated unfairly or badly.
   Give as good as you get
  This expression means that you are prepared to treat people as badly as they treat you, and fight for your beliefs.
   Give someone the cold shoulder.
  To give someone the cold shoulder means to deliberately ignore someone.
  "After giving my opinion, he gave me the cold shoulder."
   Give someone a taste of their own
   medicine
  If you give someone a taste of their own medicine, you treat them in the same unpleasant way that they have treated you.
 
"People who always arrive late should be given a taste of their own medicine."
   Go through the motions
  If someone goes through the motions, they do something because they have to, but without enthusiasm.
  "After his wife died, he tried to continue life as before,
  but he just went through the motions."
   Go too far
  If you go too far, you do something that is considered extreme or unacceptable.
  "Stealing is bad, but stealing from a poor person is really going too far!"
   Go into overdrive
  If someone or something goes into overdrive, they begin to work very hard or start to perform intensely.
  "At the start of every new collection, my imagination goes into overdrive."
   Go off on a tangent
  If somebody goes off on a tangent, they change the subject completely in the middle of a speech or conversation.
 
"Sometimes, when he's teaching, he goes off on a tangent and starts talking about his dog!"
   Go off the rails
  If someone goes off the rails, they go out of control and begin to behave in a manner that is unacceptable to society.
  "Given the unstable environment, it's a miracle that none of their children ever went off the rails."
   Go out of your way
  If you go out of your way, you take particular care or make a special effort when doing something.
  "Aunt Betty went out of her way to make us feel comfortable."
   Go to extremes
  People who go to extremes behave in a way which lacks moderation.
 
"My parents tend to go to extremes. They live on a tight budget and then they go on expensive holidays."
   Go to pieces
  If you go to pieces, for example after a terrible shock, you are so upset or distressed that you cannot lead your life normally.
  "Jack nearly went to pieces when his son died in a plane crash."
   Go with the flow
  If you go with the flow, you follow the general tendency and go along with whatever happens.
  "When my colleagues organize an office party, I just go with the flow when it comes to the details. "
   Good as gold
  A child who is as good as gold is obedient and well-behaved.
  "Your children are always as good as gold when I look after them."
   Grin and bear it
  When faced with a difficult or unpleasant situation, if you say that someone will have to grin and bear it, you mean that they will have to accept it without complaining.
  "The only seat available is on a low-cost flight. 
  You'll just have to grin and bear it!"
   Groan inwardly
  If you groan inwardly, you feel like expressing despair, disapproval or distress, but you remain silent.
  "On his return, when Pete saw the pile of files on his desk, he groaned inwardly."
   Have a ball
  If you have a ball, you enjoy yourself.
  "The party was great.  We had a ball."
   Have one too many
  Someone who has had one too many has drunk too much alcohol.
  "I think Tony's had one too many - he's talking rubbish!"
   Have the nerve (to do something)
  If you do something rude, impudent or inappropriate, without any embarrassment or shyness, it is said that you have the nerve to do it.
  "She had the nerve to attend the ceremony wearing jeans!"
   Have a stab at something
  If you have a stab at something, you try something that you never had a chance to do before.
 
"I had a stab at surfing once but I decided not to renew the experience!"
   Herd mentality
  People with the herd mentality tend to do what everyone else does, no matter how ridiculous or stupid.
  "One example of herd mentality is when people rush to get on the first bus when there are several empty ones waiting."
   Hit below the belt
  An action or remark described as below the belt means that it is considered unfair or cruel.
  "Politicians sometimes use personal information to hit their rivals below the belt."
   Hold one's own
  If you can hold your own, you are well able to defend yourself when under attack.
 
"We should ask Jane to represent us; she can hold her own in any argument."
   Honour among thieves
  This expression means that even criminals have a sense of loyalty and they respect a certain code of behaviour.
  "The bank robber refused to reveal the names of his accomplices which shows that there is honour among thieves."
   Hue and cry
  If there is a hue and cry about something, there is loud opposition to it.
 
"There will no doubt be a great hue and cry when the reorganization is announced."
   Keep one's feet on the ground
  A person who keeps their feet on the ground continues to act in a sensible and practical way, even if they become successful.
   Keep a level head
  If you keep a level head, you remain calm and sensible no matter how difficult or distressful the situation may be.
 "All through the hijacking the pilot kept a level head."
   Keep your fingers crossed
  If you keep your fingers crossed, you hope that something will be successful.
  "I'm doing my driving test tomorrow.  Keep your fingers crossed for me."
   Keep your nose clean
  A person who keeps their nose clean behaves well and avoids trouble.
   Keep your nose to the grindstone
  A person who keeps their nose to the grindstone is someone who concentrates on working hard at his job.
   Keep someone posted
  If a person asks you to keep them posted, they want you to keep them informed about a situation
  "Our agent promised to keep us posted on developments in the negotiations."
   Keep someone on their toes.
 If you keep someone on their toes you make them
 stay alert and ready for action at any time.
   Keep (something) in proportion
  If you react to a situation in a sensible way, without exaggerating the importance or seriousness of the facts, you keep things in proportion.
  "Yes, we've got a problem, but let's try to keep things in proportion."
   Keep a stiff upper lip
  If a person keeps a stiff upper lip, they contain their emotion and do not let other people see their feelings.
  "When she heard the bad news, she kept a stiff upper lip."
   Keep a straight face.
  If you keep a straight face, you look serious although
  you really want to laugh.
   Kick up a fuss
  A person who kicks up a fuss creates a disturbance, especially by complaining or protesting about something.
  "The service was so slow in the restaurant that several customers began to kick up a fuss."
   Kill two birds with one stone
  If you kill two birds with one stone, you succeed in doing two things at the same time.
  "By studying on the train on the way home every week-end, Claire kills two birds with one stone."
   Kill with kindness
  When you are excessive in your efforts to be helpful or generous, you can harm someone, or kill them with kindness.
 
"The children are overweight, but their grandmother continues to give them chocolates and cookies - she'll kill them with kindness!"
   Lash out
  If you lash out at somebody, you attack them, usually verbally.
  "On the ninth hole, Pete suddenly lashed out at Scott and accused him of cheating."
   Laugh something off
  When you laugh about something that has upset or hurt you, in order to make it seem less important, or to try to show that you do not care, you laugh it off.
 
"She overheard her colleague's critical remark, but she laughed it off."
   Laugh up your sleeve
  If you laugh up your sleeve, you are secretly amused at another person's problems or difficulties.
  "Tom felt that his explanation was confusing and that his colleague was laughing up his sleeve."
   Leave well alone
  If you leave well alone, you decide not to interfere with or change something that is acceptable or adequate.
  "It would be hard to get a better deal.  Let's just leave well alone."
   Let off steam
  A person who lets off steam releases surplus energy or strong feelings either through intense physical activity or by talking in an unrestrained manner.
 
 "Let's bring the kids to the playground so they can let off steam.'
   Let sleeping dogs lie.
  If you tell somebody to let sleeping dogs lie, you are asking them not to interfere with a situation because they could cause problems.
   Like a headless chicken
  If a person rushes about like a headless chicken, they act in a disorderly way, without thinking or analyzing the situation carefully.
  
"As soon as the store opened, my mother started running around like a headless chicken, eager to find bargains."
   Like a thief in the night
  Someone who acts like a thief in the night does something secretly or in an unexpected manner.
 
"He left the company like a thief in the night, without telling his colleagues or saying goodbye."
   Look down your nose
  If someone looks down their nose at a person or thing, they consider that person or thing as inferior.
  "Intellectuals often look down their noses at amusement parks and such."
   Make an ass of yourself
  If you behave so stupidly that you appear ridiculous, you make an ass of yourself.
  "
Tom made an ass of himself by singing a love song outside Julie's door!"
   Make light of something
  If you make light of something, you behave as though it is less serious than it really is.
  "He won several awards for his work but made light of it when the subject was mentioned."
   Make light work of something
  If a person makes light work of something, they do it very easily or with little effort.
 
"After the party, the boys made light work of the cleaning up. The house was spotless when they left."
   Make the best of things
  If you make the best of things, you accept the situation and do what you can in spite of the difficulties or disadvantages.
  "The apartment was badly located, but the rent was low, so they decided to make the best of things."
   Make a mountain out of a molehill
  If someone makes a mountain out of a molehill, they make a small, unimportant problem seem much more serious than it is.
  "Stop making mountains out of molehills!  It's not a major problem."
   Make no bones about something.
  If you make no bones about something, you do not hesitate to express your thoughts or feelings about it, even if it is embarrassing.
   Make nothing of something
  If you make nothing of something, you attach no importance to it.
  "It took him an hour to walk to the station but he made nothing of it."
   Make short work of something
  If you make short work of something, you do or finish something quickly.
  "The players were so hungry after the match that they made short work of the food provided."
   Make someone see reason 
   If you make someone see reason, you persuade them to stop acting foolishly and behave more sensibly.
  "He wanted to drop out of medical school in his fourth year.
  His uncle managed to make him see reason."
   Make up for lost time
  If you make up for lost time, you increase your efforts or work harder to complete something or meet a deadline.
  "Progress has stopped because of bad weather, but we are determined to make up for lost time."
   Method in one's madness
  This expression means that someone's behaviour is not as irrational as it seems.
  "He's efficient despite his strange way of working, so there's method in his madness!"
   Mind your P's and Q's
  If you tell someone to mind their P's and Q's, you are advising them to be careful about how they behave and what they say.
  
"Politeness is very important to my grandparents, so mind your P's and Q's when we go to visit them."
   Mouse potato
  This term refers to a person who spends a lot of time in front of the computer.
  "My son and his friends are all mouse potatoes - constantly glued to the computer!"
   Not lift a finger
  Someone who does not lift a finger makes no effort to help or provide assistance when it is needed.
  "Many people saw the boy falling off his bike but not one of them lifted a finger."
  One good turn deserves another
  This expression means that if someone helps you, it is natural and right to help them in return.
  "We helped Alex and Sara when they moved into their new house, just as they helped us last year; one good turn deserves another."
   Open the floodgates
   If someone or something opens the floodgates, they release something that had previously been held under control.
 
"It is feared that easing price controls will open the floodgates to inflation.
   Paint oneself into a corner
  If you paint yourself into a corner, you get yourself into a bad situation that it is difficult or impossible to get out of.
  "Andy painted himself into a corner by signing a contract with a friend who turned out to be incompetent."
   Pass the buck
  If you say that someone is passing the buck, you are accusing them of not taking responsibility for a problem and expecting someone else to handle it.
   Pick up the pieces
  After something disastrous has happened, if you pick up the pieces, you do what you can to get the situation back to normal again.
 
"After fire destroyed their house, it took them a long time to pick up the pieces."
   Pick someone's brains
  If you pick someone's brains, you ask questions about a particular subject in order to obtain advice or information.
  "Could we have lunch together? I'd like to pick your brains about something."
   Pigs might fly
  To say pigs might fly expresses disbelief, or the idea that miracles might happen but are extremely unlikely.
  "My grandmother buying a computer? ...Yeah! ...and pigs might fly!"
   Play your cards right.
  This means that you do all that is necessary in order to succeed.
   Play cat and mouse
  To play cat and mouse with someone means to treat them alternately cruelly and kindly, so that they do not know what to expect.
   Play footsie
  If you play footsie with someone, you touch their feet lightly, especially under the table, to show your interest.
  "Pete says they were playing footsie at the office Christmas lunch."
   Play the game
  If you play the game, you accept to do things according to the rules laid down by others.
   Play gooseberry
  If you play gooseberry, you join or accompany two people who have a romantic  relationship and want to be alone.
   Play havoc
   If someone or something plays havoc, they cause disorder and confusion. 
  "The floods played havoc with the construction work."
   Play into someone's hands
  If you play into someone's hands, you do exactly what your opponent or enemy wants you to do, so that they gain an advantage over you.
  "When  the leaders of the protest movement became violent, they played right into the hands of the police."
   Play for time
  If you play for time, you try to delay or prevent something from happening in order to gain an advantage.
  "He decided to play for time in the hope that the price would decrease."
   Play truant
  If you play truant, you stay away from school without permission or excuse
   Polish something off
  If you polish something off, you finish it quickly or easily.
  "Susan thought there was too much food but the boys polished it all off in no time."
   Pour cold water on something
  If you pour cold water on someone's plans, opinions or ideas, you discourage them by showing little enthusiasm or expressing your misgivings.
  "The committee threw cold water on the idea of accepting new members."
   Pour oil on troubled waters
  If a person pours oil on troubled waters, they do or say something to calm a tense situation.
  "James is an good negotiator, and always manages to pour oil on troubled waters." 
   Prod someone into doing something
   If you prod someone into doing something, you make a slow or hesitant person do something that they are reluctant to do.
 
"She was ideal for the job, but I had to prod her into applying for the position."
   Prolong the agony
  If someone prolongs the agony, they make an unpleasant or tense situation last longer than necessary.
  "Please don't prolong the agony.  Just tell me whether I've been accepted or not."
   Pull the rug from under someone's
   feet
  If you pull the rug from under someone's feet, you suddenly and unexpectedly remove all help or support.
  "When Andy's mother stopped sending him money, she pulled the rug from under his feet and forced him to find a job."
   Pull your socks up
  If you tell someone to pull their socks up,  you are saying that they need to make an effort to improve their performance.
   Pull strings
  If somebody pulls strings, they use influential friends in order to obtain an advantage.
  "David found a job easily - his Dad just pulled a few strings!"
   Pull one's weight. 
  If you pull your weight, you work as hard as everyone else in a team, a group or a company.
   Push the envelope
  When you push the envelope, you do something in an extreme way, or exceed the limits of what is considered acceptable.
 "Some TV programmes really push the envelope when they expose people's private lives."
   If/when push comes to shove
  You use the expression if, or when, push comes to shove, to refer to what you will do if the situation becomes critical and you have to make a decision or take action.
 
"There should be enough room for everyone, but if push comes to shove we can go to the hotel."
   Put your feet up
  When you put your feet up, you sit down and relax.
  "You must be tired.  Come in and put your feet up."
   Put your best foot forward
  If someone puts their best foot forward, they do something as fast as they can.
  "It's a long way to the station, but if I put my best foot forward I should catch the next train."
   Put a damper on something
  If someone or something puts a damper on a situation or event, they make it less successful or enjoyable.
  "The party was going great until the neighbour's complaints put a damper on it.
   Put out feelers
  If a person or organization puts out feelers, they cautiously check the views of others.
  "The politician put out feelers to test public reaction to his future proposals."
   Put it mildly
  This expression means that you express your opinion or reaction in a controlled way,  without exaggeration.
 
"She's three years old and already able to read.  That's promising, to put it mildly."
   Put a spanner in the works
   Throw a (monkey) wrench in the works
  To put a spanner in the works means to cause problems and prevent something from happening as planned.
  (In the US, the word 'wrench' or 'monkey wrench' is used instead of 'spanner'.)
   Put one's foot in one's mouth
  If you put your foot in your mouth, you do or say something that offends, upsets or embarrasses someone else.
  "She really put her foot in her mouth when she mentioned the housewarming party - Andy hadn't been invited!"
   Put the squeeze on someone
  If you put the squeeze on somebody, you put pressure on them to force them to act in a particular way.
  "Bob was reluctant to replace his colleague until the boss put the squeeze on him."
   Put someone on the spot
  If you put somebody on the spot, you put them in a difficult situation, for example by asking embarrassing or difficult questions which they cannot avoid.
  "When the reporter was asked to reveal his source, he was really put on the spot."
   Ram something down someone's throat
  This expression means to force someone to accept something against their will.
   Ride roughshod over something
  If you ride roughshod over something, you behave in a harsh or  thoughtless manner, or you treat a situation with contempt.
  "The government rode roughshod over all opposition to the new measures."
   Rock the boat 
  If you tell someone not to rock the boat, you are asking them to do nothing that might cause trouble or upset a stable situation.
  "After the recent riots, it was decided not to rock the boat by introducing strict measures."  
   Run with the hare and hunt with the
   hounds
  This expression refers to someone who wants to stay on friendly terms with both sides in a quarrel
  "Bob always wants to keep everyone happy, but I'm afraid he can't run with the hare and hunt with the hounds this time - the issue is too important."
   Sell someone down the river
  If you sell someone down the river, you betray someone who trusts you.
  "When the Trade Union signed the salary agreement, the workers felt they had been sold down the river."
   Sell your soul
  This is a humorous way of saying that you would be willing to do something morally or legally wrong to obtain what you want.
  "He'd sell his soul to get an interview."
   Send someone packing
  If you send someone packing, you tell them to leave, in a very forceful and unfriendly way.
  "When Amanda discovered that Jack had been unfaithful, she sent him packing."
   Set the records straight 
  If you set or put the records straights, you  provide facts or an explanation of events in order to correct a mistake or misunderstanding.
  "An interview on television enabled the actress to set the records straight about her health."
   Short shrift
  If someone or something gets short shrift, they are given little attention or sympathy.
  "When the boss is very busy, he gives short shrift to anyone who bothers him."
   Show one's true colours
  When a person shows their true colours, their behaviour reveals their real nature and shows their qualities and/or weaknesses.
 "In times of crisis people show their true colours."
   Shrug something off
  If you shrug something off, you dismiss it as being unimportant.
  "He was aware of the danger but he just shrugged it off."
   Sing a different tune
  If somebody sings a different tune, they change their opinion about something or their attitude towards something.
 
"He had no consideration for people out of work until he lost his own job; now he's singing a different tune!"
   Skating on thin ice
  If you are skating on thin ice, you are doing or saying something that could cause disagreement or trouble.
  "Don't mention that subject during the negotiations
  or you could be skating on thin ice."
   Sit on the fence
  If you sit on the fence, you avoid taking sides in a discussion or argument.
  
"It's an important issue.  You can't continue to sit on the fence!"
   Using a sledgehammer to crack a nut
  Using a sledgehammer to crack a nut means using disproportionate force to solve a problem or obtain a result.
  "He called the police because his neighbour was rude? - Now that's using a sledgehammer to crack a nut!"
   Sling mud
  To say that someone is slinging mud at another person means that they are trying to damage that person's reputation by saying bad things about them.
  "During election campaigns, candidates  often sling mud at each other."
   Smoke like a chimney
  When someone smokes like a chimney, they smoke a large amount of tobacco on a regular basis.
  "My grandfather smoked like a chimney."
   Soften the blow
  When someone tries to soften the blow,  they do something to make an unpleasant event or action easier to accept.
  "In spite of the cash payments given to soften the blow, the loss of their jobs was a catastrophe for the miners."
   Speak ill of someone
  If you speak ill of someone, you say bad or unkind things about them.
  "He's very loyal and refuses to speak ill of his colleagues."
   Speak off the cuff
  If you say something off the cuff, you say it spontaneously, without previous thought or preparation.
  "Politicians are usually careful not to speak off the cuff."
   Speak out of turn
  If someone speaks out of turn, either they intervene at the wrong moment or they say something tactless or inappropriate.
  "At the first meeting, I was afraid of speaking out of turn.
   Spoon-feed someone
  If a person is spoon-fed, they are helped too much rather than encouraged to think by themselves or use their own initiative.
  "Some teachers tend to spoon-feed their pupils."
   On the spot
  If you put somebody on the spot, you put them in a difficult situation, for example by asking embarrassing or difficult questions which they cannot avoid.
  "When the reporter was asked to reveal his source, he was really put on the spot."
   Stab in the back
  If someone stabs you in the back, they betray you by doing something harmful to you when you thought you could trust them.
 "His best friend stabbed him in the back by voting against him."
   Stand on ceremony
  When people stand on ceremony, they behave in a very formal way.
 
"We'd be delighted to come and see you, but please don't stand on ceremony with us."
   Stand up for
   (someone or something)
  When you defend or support a person, a belief or an idea, you stand up for them.
  "A growing number of citizens are standing up for the victims of discrimination."
   Start the ball rolling
  If you start the ball rolling, you start an activity in which other people will join.
  "Let's start the ball rolling by calling on our first speaker."
   Steal someone's thunder
  This expression means to take another person's idea or plan, and draw attention and praise away from the originator by presenting or using it first.
  "Bob had developed a plan to reduce production costs, but the manager stole his thunder by announcing Bob's ideas at the regional meeting."
   Step out of line
  If you step out of line, you behave badly, do something unacceptable or break the rules.
  "It was made clear upon arrival that we would be dismissed if we stepped out of line.
   Stew in your own juice
  If you let somebody stew in their own juice, you leave them to worry about the consequences of their own actions.
 
"Jack spent last night in prison for starting a fight - let him just stew in his own juice!"
   Stick to one's guns
  If you stick to your guns, you show determination when faced with opposition.
  "The government stuck to its guns in spite of the criticism."
   Stop the rot
  When you prevent a situation from deteriorating, especially in politics or business, you stop the rot.
  "There was so much conflict in the office that a new manager was appointed to stop the rot."
   Straight as a ramrod
  Someone who is straight as a ramrod is a person who keeps a straight back and looks very serious.
  "When my grandfather invited us for dinner, he used to sit straight as a ramrod at the head of the table."
   Strike a false note.
  If you strike a false note, you do something wrong or inappropriate.
  "He struck a false note when he arrived at the cocktail party wearing old jeans."
   Strike (or hit) a raw nerve
  If something you say strikes a raw nerve, it upsets someone because they are very sensitive about the subject.
  "Julie has just lost her job. You struck a raw nerve when you mentioned unemployment."  
   String someone along
  If you string someone along, you deliberately mislead them about your intentions.
  "
Bob finally realized that Mary has just been stringing him along; she had no intention of marrying him.
   Sugar the pill
  If you sugar the pill, you try to make some unpleasant news more acceptable by saying something pleasant at the same time.
  "When Tim's parents announced that he was going to boarding school, they tried to sugar the pill by telling him he'd be home at the weekends.'
   Take the bull by the horns
  To take the bull by the horns means that a person decides to act decisively in order to deal with a difficult situation or problem.
   Take it on the chin
  When you take it on the chin, you are brave and accept adversity, criticism or defeat without complaining.
  "When his contract was not renewed, Mark took it on the chin."
   Take one's cue (from someone)
  When you take your cue from someone, you follow someone's example, or wait for a signal, so as to know what to do yourself, or when to act.
  "The waiter took his cue from Jack and started serving the drinks."
   Take the rap
  If you take the rap for something, you accept blame or punishment for something, even if you have not done it.
 
"The whole class had to the take the rap for the disorder."
   Take someone down a peg
  To take  someone down a peg means to make that person realize that they are not as important as they think they are.
  "He was too proud.  Somebody had to take him down a peg."
   Take someone for a ride
  To take someone for a ride means to cheat or deceive them.
  "When my father was persuaded to invest in the new casino, he was really taken for a ride. He lost all his money."
   Take someone under your wing
  If you offer protection and guidance to someone younger or less experienced, you take them under your wing.
 
"I owe a lot to Tom who took me under his wing when I first arrived."
   Take something in good part
  A person who takes something in good part reacts to in a good-humoured way, without taking offence.
  "He got a lot of teasing about his promotion but he took it in good part."
   Take something in your stride
  When in a difficult situation, you take it in your stride, you deal with the situation calmly and without any special effort.
  "When the take-over was announced, Tom stayed calm and took it in his stride."
   Take something lying down
  If you take something lying down, you suffer as the result of an offensive act without reacting or protesting.
  "Jack won't take the accusation lying down - he'll fight to defend his reputation."
   Take to something like a duck to
   water
  If you take to something like a duck to water, you do it naturally and easily, without fear or hesitation.
  "When Sophie first tried skiing, she took to it like a duck to water"
   Take the sting out of something
  If you take the sting out of something, you manage to reduce the severity or unpleasantness of something.
  "A comforting voice and sympathetic attitude can take the sting out of bad news."
   Tell a white lie
  To tell a white lie means to say something which is not true in order to protect someone or to avoid hurting their feelings.
   Text-walking
  This term refers to a recently-developed and somewhat dangerous habit
  of walking while texting a message on a mobile phone, completely unaware of what's happening around you.
  "In recent months there has been an increase in the number of serious injuries involving text-walkers."
   Through thick and thin
  If you support someone through thick and thin, you remain loyal to them in good times and in bad times, whatever the difficulties may be.
 
"The two friends swore that they stick together through thick and thin."
   Throw someone a bone
  If you throw someone a bone, you say something kind or reward
  them in some way to make them feel good.
  "The old man can't help very much but Bill throws him a bone now and then to keep him happy."
   Throw a tantrum
  If a person, especially a child, throws a tantrum, they become very angry and behave in an unreasonable way.
  "My sister's little boy is always throwing tantrums -
  no wonder they don't have many visitors!"
   Tongues are wagging
  When tongues are wagging, people are beginning to gossip or spread rumours about someone's private life.
  "The photograph of the couple that appeared in a magazine really set tongues wagging!"
   Toot (or blow) your own horn
  If you toot your own horn, you like to boast about your abilities and achievements
  "Jack is very discreet about his success.  He doesn't go round tooting his own horn."
   Turn on/up the heat
  If you turn on/up the heat on a person or organization,
  you put pressure on them in order to obtain what you want.
  "If the goods are not delivered this week, we'll have to turn on the heat."
   Turn a deaf ear
  If you turn a deaf ear to something, you refuse to listen.
  "Sandy turned a deaf ear to the guide's advice and got lost in the mountains."
   Not turn a hair
  If someone does not turn a hair, they show no emotion in circumstances when a reaction is expected.
  "When the police came to arrest him, he didn't turn a hair."
   Turn on the waterworks
  If someone turns on the waterworks, they start to cry, especially to obtain something.
  "If he doesn't get what he wants, the child immediately turns on the waterworks."
   Turn over a new leaf
  If a person decides to turn over a new leaf, they decide to change their behaviour and lead a better life.
  "When Charlie left prison, he was determined to turn over a new leaf."
   Twist somebody's arm
  If you twist somebody's arm, you force or persuade them to do something, without using physical force.
  "He didn't have to twist my arm to get me to go out for dinner - I was happy to accept!"
   Upset the applecart
  To upset (or to overturn) the applecart means to spoil a satisfactory plan or situation.
  "I hope Julie doesn't attend the meeting - she could upset the applecart!"
   Be on the wagon
  Someone who is on the wagon is no longer drinking alcohol.
 "No wine for me please. I'm on the wagon."
   Walk on eggshells
  If you walk on eggshells with someone, you are careful not to hurt or offend them.
  "She's so sensitive, you have to walk on eggshells with her all the time."
   Walk into the lion's den
  If you walk into the lion's den, you find yourself in a difficult situation in which you have to face unfriendly or aggressive people.
   Walk a tightrope
  If a person is walking a tightrope, they are in a difficult or delicate situation where they must act carefully.
  "The management is walking a tightrope in their efforts both to keep the costs down and satisfy the trade unions. "
   Watch one's step
  If you tell someone to watch their step, you are advising them to be careful how they behave or speak in order to avoid getting into trouble.
  "There is zero tolerance in this school for bad behaviour so watch your step! "
   Watch someone like a hawk
 
  If you watch someone like a hawk, you keep your eyes on them or watch them very carefully.
  "Sarah watches the children like a hawk when she takes them swimming."
   Wear out one's welcome
  If someone wears out their welcome, they stay too long as a guest, causing inconvenience to their host.
  "Alan and Sue invited us to stay on for a few days but we didn't want to wear out our welcome."
   Weather the storm
  If you weather the storm, you succeed in surviving a difficult period or situation.
  "Given the current recession, the company is weathering the storm better than some others."
   Weigh the pros and cons
  If you weigh the pros and cons, you consider the advantages and disadvantages, the arguments for or against something.
  "We'd better weigh the pros and cons before deciding."
   Wipe that smile off your face!
  This expression is often used by parents, or people in authority, to indicate that the situation is not considered amusing at all.
  "This is a very serious matter, so wipe that smile off your face!"
   Work the system
  People who work the system learn how a state or public organization works in order to benefit as much as possible from the system.
  "He hasn't changed his lifestyle since he lost his job - he must know how to work the system!"
   Worm one's way into/out of something
  If a person worms their way into or out of something, they use artful or devious means in order to participate or avoid participating in something.
 
"You're not going to worm yourself out of this. You must do your share!"
   Your wish is my command!
  This is a humoristic way of saying that you are willing to do whatever the other person asks.
  "Breakfast in bed? Your wish is my command!

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Collection of SPM English Language Question Papers

2005
Terengganu Trial [Paper 1]

2007
Johor Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Terengganu Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2] [Answers], Melaka Trial 2007 [Paper 1] [Paper 2], TIMES [Paper 1] [Paper 2] SPB [Paper 1] [Paper 2]

2008

Terengganu Mid Year [Paper 1] [Paper 2],
Trial
MRSM Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], SBP Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Kelantan Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Terengganu Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Kedah Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Johor Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Perlis Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Sabah Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Sarawak Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Melaka Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2]

2009

Terengganu TOV [Paper 1] [Paper 2] Terengganu Mid Year [Paper 1] [Paper 2]
Melaka Trial , Johor Trial , Sabah Trial , Kedah Trial , Perlis Trial , Times , SBP , Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2]

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