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Monday, August 10, 2009

Superlative Adjectives

Superlative Adjectives

A superlative adjective expresses the extreme or highest degree of a quality. We use a superlative adjective to describe the extreme quality of one thing in a group of things.

In the example below, "biggest" is the superlative form of the adjective "big":

A B C

A is the biggest.


We can use superlative adjectives when talking about three or more things (not two things).

Formation of Superlative Adjectives

As with comparative adjectives, there are two ways to form a superlative adjective:

  • short adjectives: add "-est"
  • long adjectives: use "most"

We also usually add 'the' at the beginning.

Short adjectives
1-syllable adjectivesold, fast
2-syllable adjectives ending in -yhappy, easy
Normal rule: add "-est"old > the oldest
Variation: if the adjective ends in -e, just add -stlate > the latest
Variation: if the adjective ends in consonant, vowel, consonant, double the last consonantbig > the biggest
Variation: if the adjective ends in -y, change the y to ihappy > the happiest
Long adjectives
2-syllable adjectives not ending in -ymodern, pleasant
all adjectives of 3 or more syllablesexpensive, intellectual
Normal rule: use "most"modern > the most modern
expensive > the most expensive

With some 2-syllable adjectives, we can use '-est' or 'most':
  • quiet > the quietest/most quiet
  • clever > the cleverest/most clever
  • narrow > the narrowest/most narrow
  • simple > the simplest/most simple
Exception

The following adjectives have irregular forms:

  • good > the best
  • bad > the worst
  • far > the furthest
Use of Superlative Adjectives

We use a superlative adjective to describe one thing in a group of three or more things. Look at these examples:

  • Zakiah is 1m75. Siti is 1m80. Zizi is 1m85. Zizi is the tallest.
  • Canada, China and Russia are big countries. But Russia is the biggest.
  • Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.

If we talk about the three planets Earth, Mars and Jupiter, we can use superlative adjectives as shown in the table below:


EarthMarsJupiter
Dia-meter (km)12,7606,790142,800Jupiter is the biggest.
Dis-tance from Sun (million km)150228778Jupiter is the most distant from the Sun.
Length of day (hours)242510Jupiter has the shortest day.
Moons1216Jupiter has the most moons.
Surface temp.
(degrees Celcius)
22-23-150Jupiter is the coldest.

When we compare one thing with itself, we do not use "the":
  • England is coldest in winter. (not the coldest)
  • My boss is most generous when we get a big order. (not the most generous)

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Collection of SPM English Language Question Papers

2005
Terengganu Trial [Paper 1]

2007
Johor Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Terengganu Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2] [Answers], Melaka Trial 2007 [Paper 1] [Paper 2], TIMES [Paper 1] [Paper 2] SPB [Paper 1] [Paper 2]

2008

Terengganu Mid Year [Paper 1] [Paper 2],
Trial
MRSM Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], SBP Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Kelantan Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Terengganu Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Kedah Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Johor Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Perlis Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Sabah Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Sarawak Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Melaka Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2]

2009

Terengganu TOV [Paper 1] [Paper 2] Terengganu Mid Year [Paper 1] [Paper 2]
Melaka Trial , Johor Trial , Sabah Trial , Kedah Trial , Perlis Trial , Times , SBP , Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2]

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