Monday, August 10, 2009


When we want to show that something belongs to somebody or something, we usually add 's to a singular noun and an apostrophe ' to a plural noun, for example:

  • the boy's ball (one boy)
  • the boys' ball (two or more boys)

Notice that the number of balls does not matter. The structure is influenced by the possessor and not the possessed.

one ballmore than one ball
one boyWSM Image
the boy's ball
WSM Image
the boy's balls
more than one boyWSM Image
the boys' ball
WSM Image
the boys' balls

The structure can be used for a whole phrase:

  • the man next door's mother (the mother of the man next door)
  • the Prime Minister of Malaysia's cat (the cat of the Prime Minister of Malaysia)
Although we can use of to show possession, it is more usual to use possessive 's. The following phrases have the same meaning, but #2 is more usual and natural:
  • the boyfriend of my sister
  • my sister's boyfriend
Proper Nouns (Names)

We very often use possessive 's with names:

  • This is Anis's car.
  • Where is Ram's telephone?
  • Who took Markojin's pen?
  • I like Zizi's hair.

When a name ends in s, we usually treat it like any other singular noun, and add 's:

  • This is Ecot's chair.

But it is possible (especially with older, classical names) to just add the apostrophe ':

  • Who was Farizan's father?

Irregular Plurals

Some nouns have irregular plural forms without s (man > men). To show possession, we usually add 's to the plural form of these nouns:

singular nounplural noun
my child's fish
my children's fish
the man's workthe men's work
the mouse's cagethe mice's cage
a person's clothespeople's clothes

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Collection of SPM English Language Question Papers

Terengganu Trial [Paper 1]

Johor Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Terengganu Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2] [Answers], Melaka Trial 2007 [Paper 1] [Paper 2], TIMES [Paper 1] [Paper 2] SPB [Paper 1] [Paper 2]


Terengganu Mid Year [Paper 1] [Paper 2],
MRSM Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], SBP Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Kelantan Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Terengganu Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Kedah Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Johor Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Perlis Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Sabah Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Sarawak Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Melaka Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2]


Terengganu TOV [Paper 1] [Paper 2] Terengganu Mid Year [Paper 1] [Paper 2]
Melaka Trial , Johor Trial , Sabah Trial , Kedah Trial , Perlis Trial , Times , SBP , Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2]

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