LEARN A WORD A DAY

Sunday, July 19, 2009

SIMPLE GUIDELINES TO SUMMARY WRITING - PMR

1. Before you start summarizing, make sure you understand the meanings of all the clue words given below. These clue words are crucial in guiding you to select appropriate main ideas.
  • list, state, name ,arrange, narrate
  • steps, ways, procedures, measures, process, rules
  • causes, reasons, factors, problems
  • effects, results of
  • advantages, benefits, good, useful, likes
  • disadvantages, bad, dislikes
  • features, characteristics, types, methods
  • events
  • attractions, places , spots
  • activities
  • how to …overcome , solve , plan , make, celebrate
  • how the …incident, disease,
  • work
  • scene
  • experience
  • importance / significant
  • conditions
  • contributions
  • favourite
  • purpose, aim, objective
  • prevent, avoid

2. Then, familiarize yourself with simple conjunctions and sequence connectors as below:

  • and , also, too
  • next, then, after that, later
  • besides that, apart from that
  • firstly, secondly, thirdly…
  • first, second, third…
  • consequently, as a result of
  • another…, other…

3. After that, practise selecting correct main ideas.

4. Next, construct the selected main ideas and shorten the ideas.

5. Finally, join, reorganize or rephrase the ideas.

1 comment:

  1. Thank you for these guidelines, they're very helpful. I will make use of it to teach my Form 1 - 3 students.

    ReplyDelete

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Collection of SPM English Language Question Papers

2005
Terengganu Trial [Paper 1]

2007
Johor Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Terengganu Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2] [Answers], Melaka Trial 2007 [Paper 1] [Paper 2], TIMES [Paper 1] [Paper 2] SPB [Paper 1] [Paper 2]

2008

Terengganu Mid Year [Paper 1] [Paper 2],
Trial
MRSM Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], SBP Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Kelantan Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Terengganu Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Kedah Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Johor Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Perlis Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Sabah Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2], Sarawak Trial [Paper 1 & 2], Melaka Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2]

2009

Terengganu TOV [Paper 1] [Paper 2] Terengganu Mid Year [Paper 1] [Paper 2]
Melaka Trial , Johor Trial , Sabah Trial , Kedah Trial , Perlis Trial , Times , SBP , Pahang Trial [Paper 1] [Paper 2]

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